Dr Haluk

Testicular Health: Common Issues And Self- Examination Guide For Men​

Men’s general health depends on their testicles. Still, a lot of men don’t realise how important it is to do regular Testicular Self Examination and urological examinations. This complete guide will talk about common issues that affect testicular health and give you a full rundown on how to do a good testicular self-examination.

Importance Of Testicular Health In Male Wellbeing​

  • The general health and reproductive health of men depend on maintaining testicular health. Self-examinations should be done regularly to find any problems early, including signs of testicular cancer. Hormone output, sperm quality, and fertility all depend on having healthy testicles. For the best testicular health, you should eat a healthy diet, work out regularly, and avoid being too hot in the groin area.
  • If you have any concerns or threats related to your testicles, you should see a doctor right away so that any problems can be found and treated quickly. This shows how important testicular health is for men’s general health and quality of life.

Different Types of Testicular Conditions

Among All Different Kinds Of Issues That Can Occur In A Testicle The Most Commonly Known One Is Testicular Cancer. However, There Are Some Other Common Testicular Conditions That Males Should Be Aware Of.



The long tube that runs along the testicles is called the Epididymis.

Epididymitis is an illness or inflammation of this tube. Infections that are spread through physical contact, injuries, some types of vasectomy, and other issues can all lead to Epididymitis. Epididymitis can cause pain that ranges from mild to intense, swelling of the testicles or scrotum, feeling sick and throwing up, and fever.



When fluid builds up around the testicles, this is called Hydrocele. Either one or both testicles can swell, and the sac and groin area can cramp up. Hydrocele is usually not painful or harmful, and you may not need to fix it. However, if your testicles are swollen, you should see a doctor.

Occasionally, Hydrocele can show up as something other than swelling. For example, the testicles may feel mildly painful, tender, or red. A Hydrocele usually happens in babies with a hole between their belly and scrotum, but it can happen to adults, too. A man’s Hydrocele is usually caused by an injury, inflammation, or infection of the testicles or Epididymitis.

Testicular Torsion

When The Spermatic Cord Gets Bent And Cuts Off Blood Flow To The Testicle, This Is Called Testicular Torsion. To Save The Testicle, It Is A Medical Issue That Needs To Be Treated Right Away. Even Though Surgery Doesn’t Always Save The Testicle, If It Isn’t Treated Within Six Hours, Lasting Damage Usually Happens, And The Testicle Has To Be Removed. One Of The Signs Of Testicular Torsion Is Rapid, Severe Pain In The Testicle. The Testicles And Scrotum May Also Swell And Feel Tender, And The Person May Also Have A Fever, Nausea, And Vomiting.


Inflammation Of One Or Both Testicles Is Known As Orchitis. It Usually Results From A Viral Or Bacterial Infection. Orchitis Is Frequently Caused By Mumps. Sexually Transmitted Illnesses That Cause Epididymitis, Or An Infection Of The Epididymis, Can Result In Orchitis. Examples Of These Infections Include Gonorrhoea And Chlamydia. Epididymo-Orchitis Is The Term For This Kind Of Orchitis. Infertility And Testicular And Scrotal Pain And Soreness Are Signs And Symptoms Of Orchitis. Medication And Natural Therapies Can Be Used To Cure It Most Of The Time.

How To Perform A Testicular Exam By Yourself ?

How to do a Testicular Self Examination? It may seem a bit overwhelming to those who are unaware of how to do it. However, it is quite simple. All you have to do is follow a couple of steps. But remember that there is a slight difference in anatomy from person to person. Don’t be anxious if your one testicle is hanging a bit lower than the other, it’s quite normal.

  1. While you are taking a bath, especially a warm one, it relaxes the muscles of your scrotum and testicles, making it a suitable time to do a self-exam.
  2. From one side of your scrotum, gently roll it to feel the surface of the testicle.
  3. Feel it and see if there are any lumps and bumps or anything that seems unusual. Remember that any lesions or lumps that aren’t painful can still be dangerous. It’s scary to find a lump in your testicle but keep in mind that not all lumps are cancerous.

However, it’s important to get medical help right away. Some possible reasons are:

  1. Testicular cancer: While rare, early detection is important for successful treatment.
  2. Cysts: Fluid-filled sacs are generally harmless but require doctor consultation.
  3. Hydrocele: Building up of fluid around the testicle, usually painless but may cause swelling.
  4. You need to observe the changes in the size of your testicle. This is because, in some cases, even when the masses are not painful, there is swelling in the scrotum and testicle as a sign of infection.
  5. Check for any soreness or heaviness during your testicular self-exam.
  6. Once you are done with one side, move to the other side and repeat the same process.


Men need to know about and take care of their testicular health. Individuals can keep good testicular health by learning about common problems, doing regular Testicular Self Examination, and getting medical help from Urology doctor right away when they need it. Don’t forget that early discovery and taking steps to avoid problems are important for living a healthy and happy life.

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